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Texas Tropical Storms & Hurricanes

YEAR   DATE   AREA  CATEGORY DEATHS  REMARKS
________________________________________________________________________
1527  NOV     UPPER      1    200          Alvez Nunez explorer was cast
              COAST                        ashore on an island called Malhado
                                           (perhaps this was Galveston)
1766  SEP 4   GLS        2/3               Mission destroyed on the shore of
                                           Galveston Bay. Mission was called
                                           San Augustine de Ahumado and was
                                           abandoned after this storm.
1818  SEP 12  GLS        2/3               4 Lafitte's ships sunk or destroyed.
                                           Salt water 4 ft deep in village.
                                           Left only 6 buildings inhabitable.
                                           The entire Island was submerged.
                                           Jean Lafitte moved into done hulk
                                           of a damaged ship so that 
                                           his Red House could serve
                                           as a hospital.
1828         LOWER COAST 1                 High water at Corpus Christi.
1829  JUL 9   RIO GRANDE
1829  SEP 10  LOWER      1                 Coast inundated. High tides at mouth
              COAST                        of Rio Grande. Establishments
                                           destroyed at Port Isabel.
1831  AUG 18  LOWER      1                 Struck Gulf Coast near mouth of Rio
              COAST                        Grande. Flooding and destruction of
                                           establishments at Port Isabel.
1834  SEP     LOWER      1                 Destroyed establishments at Port
              COAST                        Isabel.
1835  AUG 12  GLS        1                 Struck Antigua, Cuba, and Galveston. 
1835  SEP 13  BRO        1                 Center struck south of Brownsville.         
1837  SEP 27  ENTIRE     2/3               Severe offshore. Racer's Storm
      OCT 10  COAST                        struck Yucatan, NE Mexico, Corpus
                                           Christi, Galveston, and Mobile.
                                           Destroyed town of Brazos Santiago.
                                           Flooded coast for many miles.
                                           Tides 6 to 7' at Galveston.
                                           Soldiers had to evacuate the
                                           Garrison for higher ground.
1838  SEP     LOWER      1                 High tides. Flooded and destroyed
                                           establishments at Port Isabel.
1839  NOV 5   GLS        1
1840  SEP    8  GLS        2/3               Tremendous gale drove Gulf over
                                           Galveston Island into the Bay.
                                           Buildings destroyed by the wind.
1842  OCT 5   GLS        1                 Lowlands flooded and considerable
                                           damage to buildings and shipping.
1844  AUG 4-6 BRO        2/3               Struck mouth of Rio Grande. Not one
                                           house left stan BRO        1                 Village destroyed mouth of the
                                           Rio Grande..
1842  AUG 30  BRO        1                 Severe in Mexico. Struck Victoria,
      SEP 8                                Mexico. Coast flooded northward
                                           to mouth of Rio Grande. Schooner
                                           "Antje" dismasted so storm was
                                           known as the Antje Hurricane.
1842  SEP 1ding at the mouth of
                                           river or town of Brazos Santigo on
                                           north end.
1847  OCT     GLS        1
1848  OCT 17  LOWER      1                 High tides. Island near Port Isabel
              COAST                        flooded with 2 ft. of water.
1854  SEP 15  MATAGORDA  2/3               Matagorda leveled.
         -19                               Tides at Galveston 8.2'. Many ships
                                           damaged. Water came up to floors
                                           of the Strand in Galveston
1857          PORT ISABEL                  Tidal Wave reported.
1865  SEP 13  UPPER      2/3               Principal damage was to lower
                                           Sabine River Valley near Orange,
                                           Tx. In Orange, only 3 houses
                                           remained intact.
1866          GLS        1
1867  OCT 1   GLS        2/3               Much of the City of Galveston
         -7                                flooded. Bagdad and Clarksville,
                                           towns at the mouth of the Rio
                                           Grande were destroyed. Many lives
                                           lost. More than 30 buildings des-
                                           troyed. The Galveston, Houston,
                                           Henderson Railway bridge was
                                           destroyed.
1868          CORPUS                       House knocked down by storm or
              CHRISTI                      water.
1869  AUG 16  LOWER      2/3        0      Considerable damage to Rockport.
              COAST                        Flooding at Indianola.
1871  JUN 1-5  GLS                          Rainfall 15.57". Pressure 29.51".

1871  JUN 8-9 UPPER      1          0      Considerable damage in Galveston
              COAST                        and to shipping. Pressure 29.53".
1871  SEP 30  GLS        1                 CR Hall sunk; all hands were lost.
      -OCT 6                               City of Galveston flooded almost
                                           entirely.
1872  SEP     PORT       1
              ISABEL
1874  JUL 2   INDIAN-    1                 Damaged Corpus Christi along water
         -4   OLA                          front (shoreline was eroded back.)

1874  SEP 2   LOWER                        Center struck Mexico and moved
         -7   COAST                        north-northwest into Texas.
1875  SEP 6   INDIAN-    4          176    Three fourths of the town was swept
        -19   OLA                          away by the storm surge. Pressure
                                           29.03" at Galveston. Galveston
                                           flooded entirely.
1875  SEP 24  ENTIRE     1                 Remained offshore of Texas.
         -27  COAST
1876  SEP 16  PADRE      2                 Heavy gale and storm wave 8 to 10'.
         -17  ISLAND
1877  SEP 14  ENTIRE     1                 10.5' tides at  Indianola.
         -21  COAST
1879  AUG 19  UPPER                        Moved inland near High Island.
         -25  COAST
1880  JUN 21  MIDDLE                       Moved inland near Victoria.
         -24  COAST
1880  AUG 4   LOWER      2/3               Center struck Mexico. Lower Texas
        -16   COAST                        coast affected.
1880  OCT 12  BRO        2/3               Brownsville nearly destroyed.
         -13                               Many lives lost. Telegraph wires
                                           down from Indianola south and up
                                           river from Brownsville.
1881  AUG 11  CORPUS     1          0      Violent Padre Island. Signal blown
         -14  CHRISTI                      down. Flat boat lost.
1884  OCT     BRO                          16" of rain in Brownsville caused
                                           by a tropical disturbance.
1885  SEP 16  ENTIRE     1                 Center remained offshore. Galveston
         -23  COAST                        had 16.53" of rain.
1886  JUN 13  UPPER      1                 Center remained offshore. Sabine
         -14  COAST                        flooded. Tide was 9' at Sabine.
1886  AUG 12  ENTIRE     4/5        20+    Destroyed Indianola. Town was never
         -21  COAST                        rebuilt. Not a house remained un-
                                           damaged. Many houses were washed
                                           and scattered over plains back of
                                           town. Much damage to Houston.
1886  SEP 14  LOWER      1                 25.98" of rain near Brownsville.
         -25  COAST                        Tidal wave reported at Port Isabel.
                                           Caused little loss of life.
1886  OCT 8-  SABINE     2          150    Tidal wave drowned 100 in Sabine.
          13                               Flooding extended 20 miles inland.
                                           Nearly every house was moved from
                                           its foundation. Tide was 12.4' at
                                           Sabine.
1887  SEP 11  BRO        1          14     Pressure 28.93". 10.78" of rain.
         -22
1888  JUN 16  GLS        1                 Center moved SW of Galveston. 13.9"
         -18                               of rain in Houston.
1888  JUL 4   GLS
         -6
1891  JUL 3   ENTIRE     1                 Part of Galveston flooded.
        -17   COAST
1892  SEP 25
         -27
1895  AUG 22  LOWER                        Center hit 80 miles south of BRO.
         -29  COAST
1895  OCT 2   ENTIRE                       Cyclonic storm not of hurricane
         -7   COAST                        intensity passed close to BRO
                                           and struck Galveston area.
1897  SEP 11  UPPER      1          13     Many houses in Port Arthur
         -13  COAST                        destroyed.
1898  SEP 20  GLS
         -28
1900  AUG 27  GLS        4/5        6000+  Tides 14.5' at Galveston. Pressure
     -SEP 15                               was 936 mb and the wind was 120 mph.
                                           6000 of the 38,000 people living in
                                           Galveston were killed.
1901  JUL 2-  UPPER                        Struck west  near Victoria and
         10   COAST                        Galveston.
1901  OCT 7-  GLS                          Heavy rainfall 11.6" of rain in
          8                                6 1/3 hours. 14.10" in 24 hours.
1902  JUN 19  CORPUS     1                 Struck Port O' Connor and passed 30
      -JUL 1  CHRISTI                      miles off Rio Grande Delta.
1909  JUN 25  LOWER
         -30  COAST
1909  JUL 13  VELASCO    3          41     Half of Velasco destroyed. Galves-
          22                               ton had 10' tides. Bay City damaged
                                           Pressure 958 mb. Tide 9.0' at
                                           Velasco.
1909  AUG 20  LOWER      2                 Major in Mexico over 1500 killed.
         -28  COAST                        Parts of Padre Island washed over
                                           by storm surge.
1910  AUG 23  LOWER                        Cyclonic storm struck a few miles
         -31  COAST                        south of Rio Grande.
1910  SEP 5   LOWER      2                 Padre Island completely flooded.
        -14   COAST                        Struck mouth of Rio Grande. Wind
                                           120 mph. Did little damage inland.
                                           Pressure 965 mb.
1912  OCT 11  LOWER      1                 Struck between Mesquite Ricon Is.
         -15  COAST                        and Laguna Madre and Baffin Bay.
                                           Mustang Is. had winds of 100 mph.
                                           Little effect on Corpus Christi
                                           and Brownsville.
1913  JUN 22  LOWER      1                 Torrential rains passed inland at
         -28  COAST                        mouth Rio Grande. Surge 12.7' at
                                           Galveston. Record rainfall in
                                           Texas of over 20"
1914  SEP 19  UPPER                        Storm entered Texas from Louisiana.
              COAST                        The storm came from the Atlantic
                                           and never entered the Gulf of
                                           Mexico.
1915  AUG 5-  UPPER      4          275    12' tides flooded Galveston with
          24  COAST                        5' to 6' in the Business District.
                                           Winds at Galveston were 120 mph.
                                           Pressure 953 mb. The Union Depot
                                           had 6' of water in it. The new
                                           Seawall prevented a repeat of the
                                           1900 disaster.
1916  AUG 12  LOWER      3           20    Padre Island was flooded. Driftwood
         -19  COAST                        appeared on the mainland shore of
                                           Laguna Madre. Steamer Nicaragua was
                                           wrecked on Padre Island. Pressure
                                           948 mb.
1918  AUG 1   UPPER      3                 Hurricane made landfall east of
         -6   COAST                        Beaumont. Storm was severe in
                                           Louisiana.
1919  SEP 2   CORPUS     4          300-   Passed over Key West. Ten vessels
        -15   CHRISTI               600    were lost. Galveston had 44 mph
                                           winds on the 13th. Tides reached
                                           8.8' at Galveston. Pressure was
                                           948 mb.  Tides were 16 feet at
                                           Corpus Christi.

1920  SEP 24  ENTIRE     2                 Large storm in the Gulf with a
              COAST                        very large pressure system.  Storm
                                           made landfall at Houma, La. Tidal
                                           wave reported at Port Isabel.
1921  JUN 15  ENTIRE    1                  Landfall near Victoria.  Center
         -26  COAST                        passed over Palacious.  Wharton
                                           and Wallis.  Houston had winds of
                                           49 mph with gust of 60 mph.  Port
                                           O'Connor had winds of 110 mph.
                                           Pressure was 929 mbs.
1921  SEP 6   LOWER                275     Most of the people were killed in
        -10   COAST                        flooding. Taylor, Texas had 23.11"
                                           of rain in 24 hours. San Antonio
                                           had 5-9' of water in the downtown
                                           area. 224 people died on the
                                           Bancones Escarpment in Southeast
                                           Texas. Thrall, Texas had 36.41" of
                                           rain.
1922  JUN 13  RIO                          Rio Grande floods were highest of
         -16  GRANDE                       record.
1925  SEP 6   LOWER                        Heavy rains in Brownsville.
         -7   COAST
1926  AUG 22  UPPER      3                 Hurricane moved into Texas from
         -27  COAST                        Louisiana.
1929  JUN 21  PORT O'    1          3      Pressure 982 mb.
         -29  CONNOR
1931  JUN 24  LOWER                        Rain 8.03"
         -28  COAST
1932  AUG 11  FREEPORT   4          48     Pressure 941 mb.
         -14
1933  JUN 27  LOWER                        Center passed midway between BRO
     -JUL 6   COAST                        and Tampico causing several deaths.
                                           Tides reached 5' at Port Aransas.
1933  JUL 21  MATAGORDA                    Heavy rains caused Sabine River
         -27                               to flood.
1933  JUL 25  BRO        2                 Heavy rains damaged Brownsville.
     -AUG 5                                Pressure 975 mb.
1933  AUG 14  PORT
              ARTHUR
1933  AUG 28  BRO        3          40     Many weak buildings destoyed, esp.
     -SEP 5                                at Harligen. Corpus Christi
                                           flooded with 2' to 3' in the bus-
                                           iness district. Island was
                                           abandoned for ranching on the south
                                           half after this storm. Over 40
                                           overflow channels some a mile wide
                                           were visible on the Island.
                                           Pressure 949 mb. Over 500 people
                                           were injured.
1934  JUL 21  ROCKPORT   2          19     Pressure 975 mb.
         -26
1934  AUG 26  ENTIRE                       Remained offshore.
      -SEP 1  COAST
1936  JUN 26  PORT       1          0      Pressure 987 mb.
         -27  ARANSAS
1936  SEP 10  LOWER                 0      Struck south of Corpus Christi.
         -14  COAST
1938  AUG 9-  UPPER      1                 Hurricane moved into Texas from
          14  COAST                        Louisiana.
1938  AUG 23  UPPER                        Squalls on the Texas Coast.
         -28  COAST
1938  OCT 10  UPPER                        Moved inland at Freeport.
         -17  COAST
1940  AUG 2   UPPER      2          1      Pressure 972 mb.
        -10   COAST
1940  SEP 19  UPPER                 0      Center remained offshore.
         -24  COAST
1941  SEP 11  UPPER                 0      Moved inland between Galveston and
         -16  COAST                        Port Arthur. Pressure 1002.7 mb.
1941  SEP 23  TEXAS      3          4      Matagorda had tides of 10.8'.
         -24  CITY                         Pressure 958 mb.
1942  AUG 17  UPPER      1          0      Tides at High Island were 7'.
         -22  COAST                        pressure 992 mb.
1942  AUG 26  MATAGORDA  3          8      Two channels that were made in a
         -30  BAY                          1933 storm were reopened near
                                           Corpus Christi. Tides at Matagorda
                                           were 14.7'. Pressure 950 mb.
1943  JUL 25  GLS        2/3        19     Texas City had winds of 104 mph.
         -29                               Pressure 969 mb. Houston had wind
                                           speeds of 85 mph.
1943  SEP 15  UPPER                 0      Remained offshore.
         -19  COAST
1945  JUL 19  CORPUS                       Tropical storm moved inland over
         -21  CHRISTI                      Corpus Christi.
1945  AUG 24  MIDDLE     3/4        3      Passed inland 60 miles west of
         -29  COAST                        Houston. Wind damage in eastern
                                           part of Houston. Tides were 15' at
                                           Port Lavaca. Large amount of salt
                                           water came over a 19' bluff.
                                           Pressure 967 mb. 25 people injured.
1946  JUN 14  PORT                  0
         -16  ARTHUR
1947  JUL 31  LOWER                 0      Heavy rainfall. Raymondville had
      -AUG 2  COAST                        9.78" of rain.
1947  AUG 18  GLS        1          1      Pressure 992 mb at Galveston. Winds
         -27                               80 mph at Sabine Pass.
1947 SEP 19   UPPER      4                 Hurricane moved into Texas from
              COAST                        Louisiana. Severe in Louisiana.
1949  SEP 22  FREEPORT   2          2      Tides 11.5' in Ship Channel. Greens
      -OCT 6                               Bayou had tides of 10.5".  Pressure
                                           972 mb.  Texas rice crop damaged.
1950 OCT 1    LOWER
        -4    COAST
1954  JUN 24  LOWER      1          38     Hurricane Alice. Record floods in
         -28  COAST                        Rio Grande. 38 deaths in Texas.
                                           26" of rain in South Texas.
1954  JUL 27  UPPER                        Tropical Storm moved into Texas
         -30  COAST                        from Louisiana. 10" of rain North-
                                           west of Houston.
1955  SEP 6   CORPUS                       Known as Hurricane Glasscock by the
         -7   CHRISTI                      residents of Corpus Christi. 17.02"
                                           of rain in Fluor Bluff. This storm
                                           has not been  recognized by the
                                           National Weather Service.
1957  JUN 25  UPPER      4          9      Hurricane Audrey. Over 500 killed
         -28  COAST                        in Louisiana. Tide at Galveston 6'.
                                           Pressure 945 mb. Flooded Galveston
                                           Airport. 450 people injured in
                                           Texas.
1957  AUG 8   BEAUMONT              2      Tropical Storm Bertha. Made land-
        -11                                fall on the Texas-Louisiana border.
                                           12.8" of rain in Palestine, Texas.
1958  JUN 14  LOWER                 1      Tropical Storm Alma. Pressure 997.3
         -16  COAST                        Medina, Texas 20" of rain. Death in
                                           surf at Galveston.
1958  AUG 30  SOUTH      1          1      Lost shrimp trawler at Galveston.
      -SEP 6  TEXAS                        Hurricane Ella. Flooding in Galves-
                                           ton. Pressure 989 mb.
1959  JUL 22  GLS        1          0      Hurricane Debra moved inland at
         -26                               Galveston. Pressure 984 mb. Tides
                                           in Galveston Bay 6'. Monyan Port
                                           tide 7.9'. 10 people injured. Rain
                                           14.42" at Orange, Texas.
1960  JUN 22  CORPUS                7      Unnamed tropical storm. Heavy rain
         -26  CHRISTI                      5-10".
1961  SEP 3-  VICTORIA   4          34     Hurricane Carla. 465 injured. Wind
         15                                175 mph. Tide Port Lavaca 22'.
                                           Pressure 931 mb. Hurricane force
                                           gusts were reported all along the
                                           Texas Coast from a short distance
                                           north of Brownsville to Port
                                           Arthur. 26 tornadoes. Hurricane
                                           Carla is the largest storm on rec-
                                           ord.
1963  SEP 16  HIGH       1          3      Hurricane Cindy. Flood water
         -19  ISLAND                       entered 4000 homes in Jefferson,
                                           Orange, and Newton Counties.
1964  AUG 5-  MATAGORDA             0      Tropical Storm Abby. 6.14" of rain
          8                                at Victoria. Pressure 1000.
1967  SEP 5   BRO        3/4        15     Hurricane Beulah. Wind 150 mph.
        -22                                Tide 12' at Port Isabel. Pressure
                                           950 mb. 115 tornadoes.
1968  JUN 22  CORPUS                0      Tropical Storm Candy. Pressure 999
         -26  CHRISTI                      mb. 10 tornadoes in Texas, 9 in
                                           other states.
1970  JUL 30  CORPUS     3          11     Hurricane Celia. Wind 130 mph.
      -AUG 5  CHRISTI                      Pressure 950 mb. Tide 9.2' at Port
                                           Aransas. 8 tornadoes. 466 people
                                           injured.
1970  SEP 11  GLS                   0      Tropical Storm Felice. Pressure 996
         -17                               Rainfall 6.25" in Galveston.
1971  SEP 3   MATAGORDA 1           2      Hurricane Fern. Tide at Freeport
        -12                                6'. Heavy rains. Pressure 979 mb.
1971  SEP 3   ENTIRE     1                 Hurricane Edith. Tides 6' at Sabine
        -18   COAST                        Pass.
1973  SEP 1   GLS                   5      Tropical Storm Delia. Pressure 986
         -6                                mb. Tides 5-7' in Galveston Bay.
1973  SEP 9   UPPER                        Strong tropical depression 15" of
        -10   COAST                        rain in Texas.
1975  AUG 24  LOWER                        Tropical Storm Caroline. Pressure
      -SEP 1  COAST                        963 mb. Landfall 100 miles south of
                                           Brownsville. Severe in Mexico.
1978  JUL 30  LOWER                 33     Tropical Storm Amelia. Rainfall 26"
         -31  COAST                        in 12 hours north of Abeline. Pres-
                                           sure 1005 mb.
1978  AUG 26  UPPER                        Tropical Storm Debra. Pressure 1000
         -29  COAST                        mb.
1979  JUL 16  GLS                   1      Tropial Storm Claudette. Pressure
         -29                               997 mb. Rainfall 42" in 24 hours
                                           Alvin, Texas.
1979  AUG 29  MIDDLE     1          5      Troical StormElena. Pressure 1004 mb.
      -SEP 1  COAST                        Houston had 4.6" of rain.
1980  AUG 1   LOWER      3          15     Hurricane Allen. Pressure 945 mb.
        -11   COAST                        Max wind 165 kts. 234 killed in
                                           Caribbean. Tide 12' at Port Mans-
                                           field. 68 wash over channels on
                                           Padre Island. 29 tornadoes. 2 off-
                                           shore oil rigs were destroyed. 13
                                           people killed in crash while evac-
                                           uating.
1980  SEP 4   UPPER                 1      Tropical Storm Danielle.
         -7   COAST
1983  AUG 15  UPPER      3          21     Hurricane Alicia. Much damage to
         -21  COAST                        Houston. Downtown buildings lost
                                           much glass. 26 tornadoes.
1986  JUN 23  UPPER      1                 Hurricane Bonnie.
         -26  COAST
1989  JUL     UPPER      1          2      Hurricane Chantal. 10"+ of rain in
              COAST                        Houston area. Winds 80-90 mph.
1989  OCT     UPPER      1          3      Hurricane Jerry. Very small storm:
              COAST                        25 miles wide.
1993  JUN 18  LOWER                 1      Tropical Storm Arlene.
         -21  COAST
1998  SEP 8   MIDDLE                1      Tropical Storm Frances. Over 15"
         -13  COAST                        rainfall in parts of east Texas.
1999  AUG 18  LOWER      4          0      Hurricane Bret. Small storm, less
         -25  COAST                        than 40 miles wide. Landfall in
                                           sparsely populated area. Estimated
                                           $60 million in damages.
2001  JUN 5   UPPER                 41     Tropical Storm Allison. Heavy
         -17  COAST                        rainfall led to catastrophic
                                           flooding in SE Texas. 36.99" of
                                           rain at Port of Houston, "500-year"
                                           floods elsewhere. Estimated
                                           $5 billion of damage in Texas
                                           alone.



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(713) 529-3076
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